Harper's Weekly 01/06/1866


CONGRESS.

December 19:

In the Senate, several bills were introduced and referred.
Among the most important were a bill for the defense of
the northeastern frontier, and one for the establishment
of a branch of the Freedmen's Bureau in each of the for-
merly slave States. A Message was received from the
President giving information in regard to the condition of
the States lately in rebellion. This Message in its tone
and matter pronounced decidedly the loyal disposition of
those States, and was accompanied by a report of Lieuten-
ant-General Grant, characterized by a similar spirit. The
reports of Howard and Schurz were also submitted. Sen-
ator Sumner called the President's Message “a white-
washing document, only paralleled by Pierce's message on
Kansas,” and considerable altercation followed.


In the House, certificates of members from Louisiana
and Virginia were referred to the Select Committee.—The
bill to regulate railroad transportation between the sev-
eral States, known as the New York and Washington Air
Line bill, was passed after a sharp discussion, 92 to 52.—
A joint resolution for an amendment of the Constitution so
as to prohibit the assumption or payment of rebel debts by
any State was adopted.


December 20:

In the Senate, the House bill to pay Mrs. President
Lincoln $25,000 was passed. It was agreed to adjourn
from the 21st to January 5.


In the House, resolutions were referred, congratulating
the country on the adoption of the Constitutional Amend-
ment.—A bill was passed giving to the Secretary of the
Treasury the appointment of Deputy Assessors of Internal
Revenue.—A bill establishing several new Post routes was
adopted.—The recess to January 5 was agreed to.—A reso-
lution was adopted giving the President control of several
Indian founds.—Eulogies were delivered on Mr. Kellogg,
lately a member from New York.


December 21:

In the Senate, Messrs. Fessenden, Grimes, Harris, How-
ard, Johnson, and Williams were appointed as the Senate's
part of the Select Committee of fifteen on Reconstruction.


In the House, Mr. Ashley, of Nevada, took his seat.—
Messrs. Patterson, Farnsworth, and Garfield were appoint-
ed Regents of the Smithsonian Institution.—Mr. Raymond
spoke for an hour, mainly in reply to the speech made by
Mr. Stevens on the 18th, and taking the general ground
that the Southern States were still and always had been
members of the Union; that the effort to secede was frus-
trated by the victories of the Union armies, and was there-
fore void; and that the acts, speeches, and deeds of arms
of the rebels were of no legal effect in dissolving their
connection with the General Government.



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