Harper's Weekly 03/03/1866


CONGRESS.

February 13:

In the Senate, Mr. Fressenden reported a Constitutional
Amendment, providing that Congress shall have the power
to make all laws necessary and proper to secure to the cit-
izens of each State the privileges and immunities of citi-
zens of the several States, and to all persons of the several
States equal protection in the rights of life, liberty, and
property.—Mr. Henderson, of Missouri, again recommend-
ed his amendment providing that there shall be no with-
drawal of the franchise in any State on account of color.
He thought that citizenship should be denied to rebels.


In the House, Mr. Whaley submitted resolutions sup-
porting the Monroe doctrine, and advocating an alliance
between all the American republics. Previous question
being called, the House, by a vote of 13 to 95, refused to
second it.—Upon the question of laying on the table a reso-
lution for the admission of Colonel Johnson from Arkansas,
the vote stood 78 to 70, about 41 Unionists voting in the
negative.—The Committee on Elections reported in favor
of Mr. Trowbridge for the contested Michigan seat, and
against Mr. Baldwin.


February 14:

In the Senate, the Constitutional Amendment debate
was continued.


In the House, Mr. Trowbridge, of Michigan, was con-
firmed in his seat.


February 15:

In the Senate, there was further debate on the Consti-
tutional Amendment.


In the House, no business of importance was transacted.

February 16:

In the Senate, a bill to prevent the perversion of the
mails to fraudulent and illegal purposes was referred
Debate on the Amendment continued.


In the House, the resolution to purchase 1000 copies of
the Memorial Record, together with the Address of Mr.
Bancroft, was adopted.


February 17:

The Senate not in session.

In the House, speeches were delivered on reconstruction
by Messrs. Cook, Lawrence, and M`Cullom.


February 19:

In the Senate, Mr. Wilson introduced a joint resolution
to disband the military forces of the lately rebellious
States, and to forbid their reorganization.—There was
considerable debate on the Constitutional Amendment,
and upon its conclusion the President's Message vetoing
the Freedmen's Bureau bill was read. There was con-
siderable excitement in the Senate, but it was finally de-
termined to postpone the reconsideration of the bill till the
next day.


In the House, by a vote of 102 to 36, the following reso-
lution was adopted: “That in the language of the procla-
mation of the President, of May 29, 1865, the rebellion,
`which was waged by a portion of the people of the United
States against the properly constituted authorities of the
Government thereof in the most violent and revolting form,
but whose armed and organized forces have now been al-
most entirely overcome,' has in the revolutionary progress
deprived the people of the States in which it was organized of
all civil government.”—A resolution was also adopted, 117
to 29, that the President ought to maintain the suspension
of the writ of habeas corpus in the Southern States.—Also,
by a vote of 134 to 8, the following resolution: “That it
is the deliberate sense of this House that the condition of
the rebel States fully justifies the President in maintain-
ing military possession and control therein, and that the
President is entitled to the thanks of the nation for em-
ploying the war power for the protection of the Union cit-
izens and the freedmen in those States.”



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