Harper's Weekly 06/23/1866


CONGRESS.

June 5:

In the House, Mr. Schenck's bill to readjust the rates
and system of payments in the army was taken up and
passed—yeas 93, nays 36.


June 6:

In the Senate, Mr. Doolittle's substitute for the second
section of the Constitutional Amendment was disagreed to
—yeas 7, nays 21. The substitute was as follows: After
the census be taken in the year 1870, representatives shall
be apportioned among the several States which may be in-
cluded in this Union, according to the number in each
State of male electors of over twenty-one years of age,
qualified by the laws thereof to choose members of the
most numerous branch of its Legislature, and direct taxes
shall be apportioned among the several States, according
to the value of the real or personal taxable property situ-
ate in each State, not belonging to the State or to the
United States.


June 7:

In the House, the League Island Bill was passed—71 to
46. The object of the bill is to provide a station for our
iron-clad fleet.


June 8:

In the Senate, the joint resolution to amend the Consti-
tution was passed—33 to 1. As amended it reads as fol-
lows:


Resolved, By the Senate and House of Representatives
of the United States of America in Congress assembled,
two-thirds of both Houses concurring. That the follow-
ing article be proposed to the Legislatures of the several
States as an amendment to the Constitution of the United
States, which, when ratified by three-fourths of said
Legislatures, shall be valid as part of the Constitution,
namely:

Art.—. Sec. 1.
All persons born or naturalized in the
United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are
citizens of the United States and of the State wherein they
reside. No State shall make or enforce any laws which
shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of
the United States, nor shall any State deprive any person
of life, liberty, or property without due process of law, nor
deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal pro-
tection of the laws.



Sec. 2.
Representatives shall be apportioned among the
several States according to their respective numbers,
counting the whole number of persons in each State, ex-
cluding Indians not taxed; but whenever the right to
vote at any election for electors of President and Vice-
President, or for United States Representatives in Con-
gress, executive or judicial officers, or the members of the
Legislatures thereof, is denied to any of the male inhabit-
ants of such State, being twenty-one years of age and cit-
izens of the United States, or in any way abridged except
for participation in rebellion or other crime, the basis of
representation therein shall be reduced in the proportion
which the number of such male citizens shall bear to the
whole number of male citizens twenty-one years of age
in such State.



Sec. 3.
No person shall be a Senator or Representative
in Congress, or elector of President or Vice-President, or
hold any office, civil or military, under the United States,
or under any State, who, having previously taken an oath
as a member of Congress, or as an officer of the United
States, or as a member of any State Legislature, or as an
executive or judicial officer of any State, to support the
Constitution of the United States, shall have engaged in
insurrection or rebellion against the same, or given aid or
comfort to the enemies thereof; but Congress may, by a
vote of two-thirds of each House, remove such disability.



Sec. 4.
The validity of the public debt of the United
States, authorized by law, including debts incurred for
the payment of pensions and bounties for services in sup-
pressing insurrection or rebellion, shall not be questioned
but neither the United States nor any State shall assume
or pay any debt or obligation incurred in aid of insurrec-
tion or rebellion against the United States, or any claim
for the loss or emancipation of any slave, but all such
debts, obligations, and claims shall be held illegal and
void.




June 11:

In the House, Mr. Ancona offered a resolution that the
Committee on Foreign Affairs be instructed to report a
bill repealing the Neutrality Law of 1818, under the
terms of which the President's Proclamation against the
Fenians was issued. Mr. Schenck offered a substitute,
which, with the original resolution, the House voted to
refer to the Committee on Foreign Affairs. The joint res-
olution appropriating $121,785 for negotiating treaties
with certain Indian tribes, was passed. On motion of
Mr. Boutwell, a resolution was adopted declaring that
Jefferson Davis should be held in custody as a prisoner,
and subjected to trial according to the laws of the land.



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