Harper's Weekly 07/21/1866


CONGRESS.

July 2:

In the Senate, report was made upon the condition of
the Mississippi levees.—In answer to a resolution of in-
quiry and insinuation, the Secretary of the Treasury says
that Mr. Elmore, newly appointed Collector at Mobile,
never held office under the Confederacy, and opposed the
rebellion from the start.—The Conference Committee on
the Paris Exposition bill made a report, and the bill was
passed.


In the House, the resolution of Mr. Clark, of Ohio, giv-
ing a quasi recognition of the Fenians as belligerents was
lost without a division.—Majority and minority reports
were made upon the Rousseau-Grinnell assault case. The
majority recommends the expulsion of Gen. Rousseau and
the censure of Mr. Grinnell; the minority recommends
only that Gen. Rousseau be reprimanded.—Mr. Banks pro-
posed a bill looking to the annexation of the British North
American possessions and the assumption of their debts.


July 3:

In the Senate, a joint resolution for the purchase, at
$5000, of the law library of the late James M. Petigru.
of South Carolina, was passed.—The Indian Appropria-
tion bill was taken up, the question being on the Senate
Finance Committee's amendments to attach the Indian
Bureau to the War Department. The amendment was
disagreed to.—An amendment was adopted giving $500,-
000 for the relief of the destitute Indians of the Southern
Superintendency. The bill was passed, and went to the
House for concurrence in the amendments.


In the House, Mr. Eliot, from the Committee of Con-
ference on the Freedmen's Bureau bill, made a report and
explained the various points of it. The report was then
agreed to, so that the bill has now passed both Houses.—
Mr. Raymond offered a concurrent resolution of thanks to
the working-men of Lyons, France, for the flag presented
by them in memory of the late President Lincoln. The
resolution was adopted.—Mr. Hale offered a resolution,
which was adopted, to appoint a Joint Committee on Re-
trenchment.


July 5:

In both Houses, the report of the Conference Committee
on the Army Appropriation bill was presented and agreed
to.


July 6:

In the Senate, the Commerce Committee reported favor-
ably on the House resolution for the appointment of a
Committee on Retrenchment.—The Conference Committee
on the Tax bill then made a report, which was, after con-
siderable debate, agreed to and sent to the House.


In the House, the report of the Conference Committee
on the Internal Revenue bill was presented, and, after de-
bate, agreed to, 71 to 57.


July 7:

In the Senate, a remonstrance was presented from the
New York Chamber of Commerce against the passage of
the Tariff bill, which was referred to the Finance Com-
mittee.—Considerable discussion took place on a motion
made to receive the minority report of the Reconstruction
Committee, submitted some days since. The report was
finally adopted—Mr. Trumbull reported from the Judi-
ciary Committee a bill to regulate appointments to and re-
movals from office. It provides as follows:

Sec. 1.
That no officer of the United States appointed
on the nomination of the President, by and with the ad-
vice and consent of the Senate, shall be removable, ex-
cept by the same agencies which concurred in his appoint-
ment; provided, that in cases of disability or misconduct,
the President may suspend the disabled or defaulting offi-
cer, and designate some other to perform the duties until
the Senate shall have had an opportunity of acting on it
—the President to report the facts of the case to the Sen-
ate within thirty days after its next meeting.



Sec. 2.
No person appointed to an office the time of which
is limited by law to a fixed period, and until a successor
shall be appointed and qualified, shall be permitted to hold
or exercise the duties of such office exceeding sixty days
after the fixed period for which he was appointed has ex-
pired; and, whenever practicable, it will be the duty of
the appointing power to appoint a successor to take pos-
session of the office at the termination of the fixed period.



Sec. 3.
Provides that in case of a vacancy during the
recess of the Senate, the President shall nominate a person
to fill said vacancy within thirty days after the meeting
of the Senate succeeding the happening of the vacancy,
and no such vacancy which has been filled by granting a
commission to expire at the end of the next session of the
Senate shall be filled after the close of the session, except
by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, and the
expiration of the commission as provided by the Constitu-
tion. “At the end of the session” shall not be construed
as creating a new vacancy which the President is author-
ized to fill without the advice and consent of the Senate.



Sec. 4.
Provides that the President shall not be author-
ized to fill vacancies during the recess of the Senate unless
they happen during the recess by death, designation, ex-
piration of term or other casualty not depending on the
will or action of the President.




In the House, the Conference Committee on the bill to
further prevent smuggling made a report which was agreed
to.—The bill to quiet land titles in California, which has
been before the House for a long time, was then taken up
and passed.—Consideration of the Tariff bill was resumed
in Committee of the Whole, and considerable progress was
made. The duty on tea was fixed at twelve and a half
cents a pound, and on coffee at two and a half cents.



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