Harper's Weekly 08/11/1866


July 24:

In the Senate, the Civil Appropriation bill was con-
sidered, and an amendment was adopted, increasing the
salaries of members from $3000 to $5000.—The amend-
ment appropriating one and a half millions for repairing
the levees on the Mississippi was adopted.—The bill for
the equalization of bounties was defeated; but this action
was afterward reversed.

In the House, a message was received from the Presi-
dent on the joint resolution admitting Tennessee. He
had signed the resolution. The credentials of the mem-
bers from that State were referred to the Committee on
Elections which soon made a favorable report, and the
three members were sworn in.

July 25:

In the Senate, Mr. E. G. Ross was sworn in as Senator
from Kansas, vice Lane deceased.—Mr. Joseph S. Fowler,
Senator-elect from Tennessee for the term ending March
4, 1861, had his credentials presented by Mr. Sherman,
and took the oath of office.—The Senate voted to fix the
date of adjournment on Saturday at noon.

In the House, Mr. Kasson introduced a bill to incorpo-
rate the National Farm School for Orphan and Depend-
ent Children of Colored Soldiers, and other colored chil-
dren, which was read a third time and passed.—Mr. Will-
iams, from the Judiciary Committee, reported a bill to re-
store the possession of lands confiscated by the authority
of the States lately in rebellion. It makes it the duty of
the President or commanding officer of the military forces
stationed within the particular State or district, on com-
plaint of any person dispossessed of property for adherence
to the cause of the Union, to restore him in possession of the
same. The bill was passed without a division.—A bill was
reported and passed giving the courts of the United States
power to grant writs of habeas corpus in all cases where
any person may be restrained of liberty in violation of the
Constitution of any treaty or law of the United States.
The act is not to apply to the case of any person charged
with any military offense, or with having aided or abet-
ted the rebellion against the Government of the United
States prior to the passage of this act.

July 26:

In the Senate, the credentials of Mr. Patterson, Senator-
elect from Tennessee, were taken from the table and read.
Mr. Sumner moved that they be referred to the Commit-
tee of the Judiciary, with a view to inquire whether Mr.
Patterson can take the oath required by the act of Con-
gress and the rule of the Senate. After some debate the
motion was carried; yeas 26, nays 14.—The House amend-
ments to the resolution for the printing of the official his-
tory of the rebellion were concurred in, and the resolution
goes to the President.

In the House, a bill was passed, directing the Secretary
of the Interior to contract with Miss Minnie Ream for a
life-size model and statue of the late President Lincoln,
to be executed by her, the price not to exceed $10,000.—
The bill granting lands to aid in the construction of a rail-
road and telegraph line from the States of Missouri and
Arkansas to the Pacific coast, the corporation to be desig-
nated the Atlantic and Pacific Railway Company, was
passed. Mr. Price stated that as this road would run on
the thirty-fifth parallel, there would be a width of three
or four hundred miles between each of the three lines
—Northern, Central, and Southern—so that they would
not be competing.—The House joint resolution in re-
lation to brevet appointments was passed. It provides
that no such appointment shall hereafter be made with-
out an accompanying statement in detail of the meritori-
ous act or acts in consideration of which the brevet is
given.—A message was received from the President in re-
lation to the release of the Fenian prisoners in Canada.—
The bill to revise the Neutrality Laws was next taken up,
and gave rise to a debate of much interest, Mr. Banks fa-
voring the measure, Mr. Raymond proposing the appoint-
ment of a Committee, to whom the subject should be re-
ferred, to report at the next session. The bill was passed
unanimously.—The report of the Conference Committee
on the Tariff bill was disagreed to.

July 27:

In the Senate, the House bill amending the Neutrality
Laws was referred to the Committee on Foreign Relations.
—Mr. Patterson, of Tennessee, was admitted to his seat,
by a vote of 21 to 11, he taking the prescribed oath.—The
Nebraska bill was passed, 74 to 18, but it was not signed
by the President, so that Nebraska is not yet admitted as
a State into the Union.

In the House, Mr. Boutwell, of the Judiciary Commit-
tee, made a report on the alleged complicity of Jefferson
Davis in the assassination of President Lincoln.—Mr.
Stevens reported back the Senate's amendments to the
Civil Appropriation bill. The amendment appropriating
$50,000 for repairing and building levees on the Missis-
sippi River was non-concurred in. So also the amend-
ment to increase the salaries of members of Congress to
$5000 per annum.—The Air-line Railroad bill was passed.

July 28:

The Senate, after agreeing to the report of the Confer-
ence Committee, increasing the pay of members of Con-
gress, and rejecting the bounty bill to soldiers, agreed to
the report of another Committee, and granted the boun-
ties to soldiers. It provides that those who enlisted for
three years, and either served the whole term or were
discharged for disability, shall receive $100; those for two
years to receive $50.—After the passage of a resolution
thanking Mr. Foster for his impartial conduct as presid-
ing officer, the Senate adjourned.

In the House, the main subject of interest during this
last day of the session was the question of the bounty to
soldiers. The Senate had rejected this, and had passed
the bill increasing the salaries of members of Congress
from $3000 to $5000, giving $8000 to the Speaker of the
House, but modifying the existing pay for mileage of
travel, so that the aggregate pay of members will not be
largely increased. The House had rejected this. A Con-
ference Committee, at the last moment, recommended the
House to concur with the Senate in passing this and the
bounty bill together, several members stating that they
voted for this in order to save the bounty bill; and some
members stating that they should pay the extra compen-
sation allotted to them to the soldiers. The report was
finally agreed to by a vote of 51 to 50.—A message was
received from the President vetoing a bill erecting the
Territory of Montana into a separate surveying district,
upon the ground that while it was wholly unnecessary, it
gave a practical monopoly to the Montana and New York
Iron, Mining, and Manufacturing Company.—The House,
after having been in continuous session for 18 hours, ad-
journed, after passing unanimously a vote of thanks to
the Speaker, Mr. Colfax.

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