Harper's Weekly 12/08/1866


SOUTHERN LEGISLATURES.

Governor Worth's Message to the North Carolina
Legislature complains of the exclusion of Southern
members from Congress, of the test oath, and of the
Constitutional Amendment. To the latter it objects
that the Amendment is not Constitutionally submitted
to the States; that, although it consists of eight par-
ticular modifications of the Constitution, some of them
altogether incongruous, it must yet be ratified as a
whole, or as a whole rejected; that it enlarges the
powers of the General Government to a mischievous
extent, and that there is no guaranty that its ratifica-
tion will secure restoration. Governor Worth trusts
that the citizens o. North Carolina will be under no
circumstances willing to sacrifice the honor and rights
of the State, as a member of the Union—not in the
sense of the advocates of secession, but as taught by
Iredell, Marshall, Story, Kent, and Webster—and in
which moderate men every where, North and South,
before the war, were supposed to concur.


Governor Walker, of Florida, in his Message also
opposes the Amendment. He thinks it better to leave
the basis of representation as it was—dependent upon
the census rather than voters. The third section, he
considers, punishes certain classes of citizens not more
guilty than other; and it goes back of the President's
pardoning power.


Governor Murphy, of Arkansas, is very moderate.
He recommends the Legislature of conform the laws
of the State to the principles of the Civil Rights Bill;
and, in regard to the Constitutional Amendment, he
thinks it becomes a grave question for the Legislature
to decide whether any terms more favorable are likely
to be secured by opposition.



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